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Israel & Judah (853-814 BC)

by PastorWilliams on March 7th, 2012

NOTE: Since we’ve ended up (for various and sundry reasons) missing four weeks in a row, I’m posting these notes so that we can move on through Israel and Judah’s history.

Ahaziah of Israel  (1 Kings 22:51 – 2 Kings 1:18)

Ahab’s son Ahaziah reigned from 853-852 BC. His very short reign ended because he went to inquire about his injury from Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, instead of YHWH (2 Kings 1:1-17). Verse 8 gives the blueprint for John the Baptizer’s clothing in his wilderness ministry. His brother Jehoram succeeded him on the throne (852-841 BC).

Jehoram of Israel (2 Kings 3)

The Moabites rebelled against Jehoram shortly after he ascended to the throne. Jehoram, Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom go against them in battle. The three kings defeated Moab soundly.

The Prophet Elisha (2 Kings 2, 4-8)

2 Kings 2:1-12 serves as the Old Testament reading for the Transfiguration of Our Lord (observed on February 19 in 2012). 2 Kings 5:1-14 serves as the Old Testament reading for the Sixth Sunday after the Epiphany (observed February 12 in 2012).

After Elijah was taken up into Heaven, the sons of the prophets ask Elisha if they can look for Elijah. These were the same guys who had been hounding him all day that Elijah was leaving. Now they want to go find him? (2:15-22) Elisha shows a flash of anger as he causes two she-bears to come eat children who were jeering him (2:23-25).

Chapter 4 has two stories from Elisha’s ministry that parallel stories in Elijah’s ministry. However, in Elisha’s widow whose oil doesn’t dry up is not the wealthy woman from Shunem. The widow was a wife of one of the sons of the prophets. The woman from Shunem made a room for Elisha on the roof of their house because he was continually passing through. In gratitude for her hospitality, Elisha gives a promise much like that God gave to Abraham (Genesis 17:15-21). This child would later die only to be raised from the dead by Elisha.

Elisha also served from time to time as a military adviser for Jehoram (6:8-10). When the King of Syria learned about Elisha’s knowledge of his military placements, he sent his entire army against Dothan to capture him. To quell his servant’s fears, Elisha prayed that his eyes be opened to see the great and mighty host that surrounded the Syrian army (6:17). He immediately then prayed for the Syrian army with blindness and led them into Samaria to turn them over to Jehoram (6:18-23). Some time afterward, King Ben-Hadad of Syria came against Samaria and besieged it with his entire army (6:24-7:20).

In chapter 8, the Shunammite woman returns to Elisha’s story as he warns her about a seven-year famine coming to Shunem. She leaves for refuge with the Philistines. It is greedy Gehazi that encourages Jehoram to restore to her everything that belonged to her husband.

As Elisha disappears from the history for a while, we’re told of his prophecy about Hazael’s murder of Ben-Hadad to become king of Syria and reign as a tyrant.

Ahaziah of Judah (2 Chronicles 22:1-9; 2 Kings 8:25-29)

Ahaziah reigned in 841 BC. He was the youngest son of Jehoram of Judah. The inhabitants of Jerusalem made him king. He reigned for one year. He was killed by Jehu in fulfillment of the prophecy made by Elisha (2 Kings 9:6-9).

Jehu of Israel (2 Kings 9-10)

Jehu began to reign in Israel in 841 BC and reigned for twenty-eight years. His biggest claims to fame are the destruction of the entire house of Ahab, including his wife Jezebel. Even though Jehu fulfilled God’s judgment against Ahab, He began to carve out pieces of Israel using Hazael of Syria.

From → Thru the Bible

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