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Divided Kingdom (841-782 BC): Athaliah/Joash/Jehoahaz/Jehoash

by PastorWilliams on March 22nd, 2012

Athaliah of Judah (2 Chronicles 22:10-12; 2 Kings 11:1-3)

Athaliah was Ahaziah’s mother. After Jehu killed him, Athaliah killed the rest of the royal family so that she might occupy the throne. She reigned for six years (841-835 BC) until she was overthrown by the one heir to the throne that survived her carnage, Joash.

Joash of Judah (2 Chronicles 23-24; 2 Kings 11:4-12:21)

Joash was seven years old when he became king. He had been hidden in the Temple by Jehosheba, Ahaziah’s sister, and Jehoiada the priest from the time shortly after his birth. With Athaliah’s rage and wrath against the royal family known, armed Levites surrounded Joash on the throne as he was crowned as the rightful King of Judah. Athaliah charged into the Temple, crying out for those guilty of this treason to be executed. Jehoiada ordered that she be taken out of the Temple and executed.

Throughout the beginning of Joash’s forty-year reign (835-796 BC), Jehoiada held a great influence over the young king and ruling the kingdom. The Scripture makes this clear in 2 Chronicles 24:2: “And Joash did what was right in the eyes of the LORD all the days of Jehoiada the priest.” Joash abandons his righteous deeds once his mentor is dead because the princes of Judah swayed his opinion (2 Chronicles 24:17-18).

Joash is best known for the rebuilding of the Temple that had fallen into disrepair because of the influence of Baal worship in Judah. Joash ordered that a yearly offering be given by all Israel for the repairs of the Temple. However, the Levites hadn’t done anything in the first twenty-three years of his reign (2 Kings 12:6).

God filled Jehoiada’s son Zechariah to prophesy and guide Joash, but Joash has him killed because he called Judah to repent of their sins (2 Chronicles 24:22). At the end of that year, Syria came with a small army and overthrew Judah’s much larger army. Joash was wounded in the battle, but, instead of helping him, his servants took vengeance on Zechariah and killed him.

Jehoahaz of Israel (2 Kings 13:1-9)

At the same time Joash realizes that the Temple restorations hadn’t been started, Jehoahaz began his reign in Israel. He reigned seventeen years (814-798 BC) in his father’s stead. He continually fought against Hazael and Ben-hadad of Syria throughout his reign.

Jehoash of Israel (2 Kings 13:10-13)

Jehoash, Jehoahaz’s son, reigned in his father’s stead for sixteen years (798-782 BC). He fought against King Amaziah of Judah for most of his reign. He was replaced by his son Jeroboam.

Elisha (2 Kings 13:14-25)

Elisha became sick to the point of death. King Joash came to him crying over him. Elisha told him to shoot an arrow out the window. Joash struck the ground three times with them. Elisha chastised him for not shooting more. Thus Israel would only defeat Syria three times.

A year later, a marauding band of Moabites raided Israel. They interrupted a burial. The man being buried was quickly tossed into Elisha’s tomb. Once the corpse touched Elisha’s, he was resurrected.

From → Thru the Bible

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