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Bible Study: Micah

by PastorWilliams on May 2nd, 2012


Prophet: Micah from Moresheth (1:1)

Date: Kings Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah of Judah (1:1) – 740-687 BC

Theme: Judgment and Deliverance by God

Micah prophesies the destruction of Samaria (1:6; 721 BC). The rest of the chapter deals with God’s sorrow over Israel’s destruction. Chapter 2 deals with the destruction of Israel (1-11) but continues to promise deliverance because of His promise to David (12-13).

In chapter 3, Micah turns his attention to the rulers and prophets of the people. The rulers were tyrants (1-4). The prophets wanted to make everything seem as if it were acceptable to God and want to be considered as celebrities (5-7). Micah contrasts himself with these false prophets and tyrants by referencing his filling with the Holy Spirit. By the Holy Spirit, Micah prophesies Jerusalem’s destruction (3:12; 586 BC).

In chapter 4, after the destruction of Jerusalem, Mount Zion will still be elevated as the holiest of hills, “chief of the mountains” (4:1 NIV). After Jerusalem’s destruction, all nations will seek God in His holy mountain (4:1-3; Isaiah 2:2-4). The remnant will be brought back into the Promised Land and will dwell securely (4-5). But, before that, Judah will be taken into exile into Babylon (6-13).

Chapter 5 brings us the major reading in congregational worship from the prophet. Despite all the destruction and judgment, deliverance would come from a ruler from Bethlehem Ephrathah (2). God will come and be born in Bethlehem, but the destruction and restoration must happen first. God will abandon Israel until He is born and the exiles return (3). Micah flashes back to the Assyrian invasion of Israel that will cause the exile of the Northern Kingdom (5b-9). When deliverance comes through the Messiah, everything with which people normally focus on for support and help will be destroyed. Every success will be achieved through complete dependance on God (10-15).

In chapter 6, Micah brings God’s case against Israel. In the eternal courtroom, he brings all creation to become witnesses of His complaint against Israel. The opening question summarizes everything in the argument. How has God burdened Israel? He focuses on His deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt and bringing them into the Promised Land (3-5). Israel asks how to answer God’s charge and get God back on its good side (6-7). Micah responds with what God has always wanted from His people (8). God continues His list of charges in verses 9-16.

Micah begins a just response to God’s charges (7:1-7). He finds himself in a position very similar to Elijah a century earlier (1 Kings 19:14). Through the nation’s sinfulness, “a man’s enemies are the members of his own household (6). Micah declares that he watches for salvation from God in hope (7). Israel continues Micah’s notes of hope that God will cause them to rise through the forgiveness of their sins (8-10). Micah prophesies the rebuilding of Jerusalem and the proclamation of the Gospel to all nations, where all nations will come to Jerusalem as they come to faith in Jesus (11-13). The remainder of the chapter is prayer and praise for God for His patient endurance and steadfast love for His people.

From → Thru the Bible

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