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Qur’an Study: Ramadan 16 (Sura 19-20)

by PastorMinton on June 11th, 2017

Sunday, June 11, 2017

Ramadan 16

Today’s Text: Sura 19-20 (http://www.trinityslayton.net/ramadan/quran.pdf, pages 163-174)

Sura 19, “Maryam” (Mary)

Aside from Suras 1 and 7, these two Suras are the earliest revelations that we have received. Sura 19 is one of the most controversial Suras for Christian-Muslim dialogue. What role does the Virgin Mary play in proper religion? This question also separates Christians from each other.

In Islam, Mary is the sister of Moses and Aaron (19.28). This is an understandable mistake since both Moses and Aaron’s sister and the Virgin Mary’s Hebrew name is Miriam. However, just because they have the same name does not mean they are the same person. Islam will often credit anything in the New Testament associated with the name Mary to the Virgin Mary because of the similar name.

In Islam, Mary serves a very utilitarian purpose. Her initial primary purpose in being born is to serve Zechariah (19.2). She would eventually be given the revelation by the angel that she would be the mother of a “holy son” (19.19). The birth of Jesus is explained as anything but a “Silent Night” (19.23-27).

Shortly after Jesus’ birth, He speaks to the people around. He proclaims that He is a Messenger from Allah who would be celebrated on the day of his birth, the day He died and the day He was raised to life again (19.30-33).

Once again, Mohamed describes Allah’s begetting of a son to be beneath his dignity: “It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is” (19.35).

After the revelation of Mary’s purposes in Islam, Allah gives to Mohamed extra revelations about Abraham, Moses, Ishmael and Ezra (Idris). Abraham wanted to worship Allah only in the face of such open polytheism in Ur of the Chaldees (19.41-50). Moses was called “from the right side of Mount (Sinai)” (19.51-53). Ishmael is praised for being “most acceptable in the sight of his Lord” (19.54-55). Allah raised Ezra (Idris) to a “lofty station” because he was a man of truth and sincerity (19.56-57).

Sura 20, “Ta-Ha”

This Sura is named after the mystical letters Ta and Ha. These mystical letters were supposedly first revealed to Moses. Moses’ narrative is retold again throughout this Sura from his time in the basket on the Nile (20.38-40) through the Burning Bush (20.9-37) and the Exodus into the return to Mount Sinai (20.77-97).

When it comes to the Golden Calf, a man named Samiri are attributed with the notion of the Golden Calf as a test of faith from Allah (20.85-97). He is equated with Zimri from Numbers 25, who was killed by Phineas for bringing a Midianite woman into the midst of the camp to encourage the others into fornication because of their beauty.

From → Qur'an

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