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Qur’an Study: Ramadan 17 (Sura 21-22)

by PastorWilliams on June 12th, 2017

Monday, June 12, 2017

Ramadan 17

Today’s Text: Sura 21-22 (, pages 174-184)

Sura 21, “Anbiyya” (The Prophets)

One of the basic beliefs of Islam is the immanence of Judgment Day. Even though they recognize this truth, many turn away from Allah and do not heed his word (21.1). So also today, many people will give lip service to the fact that the End is coming but that fact doesn’t make much of an impact on their daily life. Allah proclaims Judgment Day as having the scales of justice set up for each soul (21.47). Those whose good deeds outweigh their bad have the opportunity to enter the Gardens. Those who bad deeds outweight their good will be banished to Hell (23.102-103).

At the end of the Sura, Allah declares Judgment Day to be like what is revealed in Isaiah 65. The heavens will be rolled up like a scroll. He will create a new heavens and a new earth (21.104; cf. Isaiah 65:17; Revelation 6:14).

“If there were, in the Heavens and the Earth, other gods besides Allah, there would have been confusion in both” (21.22). Islam understands the Trinity as a belief in three separate gods, therefore polytheism. Multiple gods or multiple personages in one God would cause mass confusion throughout Heaven and earth. Islam promotes a simple monotheism. There is only one God and there is no one or nothing with near as much glory and honor as him. Mohamed continues this idea later (in tomorrow’s reading): “No son did God beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have lorded it over others” (23.91).

The great ancient polytheistic religious systems show that a multitude of gods requires a hierarchy between them. None of the ancient polytheistic systems (Greek, Roman, Norse, Hindu, etc.) had an equality between all the gods. There was always one or two that rose to prominence through the legends and myths as the rulers of the Gods (Zeus and Hera in Greece, Jupiter and Juno in Rome, Odin in Norse, etc.). Eventually, the gods themselves would have to be set up like an earthly government with all its bureaucracy. Allah refuses to allow this.

Allah also refuses to be questioned (21.23). He questions, but no one can question him. This is the greatest problem in Christian-Muslim dialogue. A Muslim is not allowed to question Allah or the Qur’an. Both are considered holy and unquestionable.

Sura 22, “al-Hajj” (The Pilgrimage)

This Sura is named after the Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca. This Sura was revealed around the middle of Mohamed’s time as an exile in Medina. It is given as a call for all Muslims to go to Mecca as the main purpose of the Muslim’s life. This pilgrimage must be made at least once in a Muslim’s lifetime if they are able to afford the trip (2.196).

The Hajj centers around the Ka’aba (the Black Stone) in the Sacred Mosque in Mecca. On this stone, Abraham built his first altar to worship Allah (22.26-29). Abraham also was commanded to sacrifice Ishmael on the Ka’aba (2.125-127). This is the most sacred shrine in Islam because Adam also is reported to using this stone as the first altar after he was banished from Eden (3.96).

Christians not from the Roman Catholic Church have issues with the idea of pilgrimages, especially required pilgrimages. Although there are many historical sites in the Holy Land, Christians have God’s Word in the Old and New Testaments. This Word is more powerful than a visit to any of these sites. However, Islam promotes the Hajj to the Sacred Mosque as the most powerful form of Muslim devotion.

From → Qur'an

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