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Qur’an Study: Ramadan 18 (Sura 23.1-25.20)

by PastorWilliams on June 13th, 2017

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Ramadan 18

Today’s Text: Sura 23.1-25.20 (, pages 184-195)

Sura 23, “al-Mu-minum” (The Believers)

The Sura begins with a description of those who will inherit the Gardens of Paradise. It is a rather broad list (23.1-11). In the Gardens, there are seven tracts (23.17). These seven tracts likely come from the seven heavens believed to have existed throughout ancient philosophy and into medieval Catholicism. It is also likely an inverse of the seven levels of Hell mentioned previously (15.44).

While the Sura is meant as an encouragement to Muslims, Allah does point out that every generation has decried his Messengers as being false (23.44). Their punishments are given so that the following generations might learn from their examples (cf. 1 Corinthians 10:1-13).

Sura 24, “an-Nur” (The Light)

As Allah reveals the Light, he immediately speaks about adultery. Adulterous people should be publicly flogged for their sin (24.2; cf. Deuteronomy 22:22-24). Allah also prescribes that those convicted of adultery can only marry other adulterers or Unbelievers (24.3). How very different is this from today’s world! Maybe our pre-marital sex rates in the United States would drop if the Muslims did take over. But would that truly help the situation? Would that offer what is needed for those who are held in temptation’s sway in this manner?

In accordance with the Eighth Commandment, Muslims are instructed to put the best construction on every situation, especially when it is obvious that one is trying to slander another (24.12). Slander against chaste women is a serious and eternal offense to Allah (24.23-25).

The hijab, or head covering, is required of all believing Muslim women to secure and guard their modesty. Only the things that must be revealed should be to keep men from sinning through lust because of their beauty. They are only allowed to show their beauty to the men most closely related to them, women and “small children who have no sense of the shame of sex” (24.31). Elderly women “past the prospect of marriage” are exempted from the requirement for the hijab (24.50).

Sura 25, “al-Furqan” (The Criterion)

The Criterion is another word for the Qur’an given to Mohamed, the Torah given to Moses and the Gospel given to Jesus. It is Allah’s will for his people to believe in him and his Messengers.

From → Qur'an

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