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Qur’an Study: Ramadan 30 (Sura 78-114)

by PastorWilliams on June 25th, 2017

Sunday, June 25, 2017

Ramadan 30

Today’s Text: Sura 78-114 (, pages 323-339)

Sura 78, “an-Nabaa” (The News)

The reason for the problems with the religions of the world is disagreements over the proper interpretation of the Qur’an Allah has sent to man (78.1-3).

Sura 79, “an-Nazi-at” (Those Who Tear Out)

The angels will tear out the souls of the wicked at the Judgment. The angels will draw out gently the souls of the blessed (79.1-2).

Sura 80, “’Abasa” (He Frowned)

Allah frowned at the blind man because he interrupted Allah in his Judgment.

Sura 81, “at-Takwir” (The Folding Up)

Sura 82, “al-Infitar” (The Cleaving Asunder)

Sura 84, “al-Inshiqaq” (The Rending Asunder)

Sura 88, “al-Ghashiya” (The Overwhelming Event)

Sura 89, “al-Fajr” (The Break of Day)

Sura 90, “al-Balad” (The City)

Vivid imagery for the Judgment Day.

Sura 83, “al-Mutaffifin” (The Dealers in Fraud)

Sura 85, “al-Buruj” (The Zodiac Signs)

Sura 86, “al-Tariq” (The Night Visitant)

Allah judges sinners very harshly.

Sura 87, “al-A’la” (The Most High)

Allah the Most High has been revealed as the Creator and Sustainer from the very beginning: the books of Abraham and Moses (87.18-19).

Sura 91, “ash-Shams” (The Sun)

Sura 92, “al-Lail” (The Night)

Sura 93, “ad-Duhaa” (The Glorious Morning Light)

Mohammed calls upon all of creation from the first and fourth days (light, sun, moon and stars; see Genesis 1:3-5, 14-19) to testify against all who reject Allah. The Thamud people refused to listen to their Messenger (Salih; see 7.73-79) and it brought about their destruction (91.11-14).

Sura 94, “al-Inshirah” (The Expansion)

Allah praises himself in the fact that he expands the boundaries for those who believe Him (cf. Prayer of Jabez in 1 Chronicles 4:9-10).

Sura 95, “at-Tin” (The Flag)

This Sura is comparable to Hebrews 6:13-14 that God swore by Himself to Abraham to ensure that the covenant would be eternal.

Sura 96, “Iqraa” (Read or Proclaim) or “al-‘Alaq” (The Clot of Blood)

Sura 103, “al-‘Asr” (Time Through the Ages)

Muslims are encouraged to read and proclaim the Qur’an to all Unbelievers (96.1-5; 103.3). The second title for this Sura comes from the idea that Allah creates all men after Adam from a “clot of congealed blood” (96.2).

Sura 97, “al-Qadr” (The Night of Power)

The Qur’an was revealed to Mohamed in one night—the Night of Power. Because he received the greatest of Allah’s revelations on this night, there could be no greater time in this life.

Sura 98, “al-Bayyinah” (The Clear Evidence)

Allah contributes all the schisms from his word and true religion to his revelation of the “clear evidence” (98.4). Man doesn’t like to hear his word so he begins to create his own religion based on his own desires (cf. 2 Timothy 4:3).

Sura 99, “az-Zilzal” (The Convulsion)

The great Convulsion of the earth will be when all the dead are raised for the Judgment.

Sura 100, “al-‘Adiyat” (Those That Run)

Man is by nature hostile toward God and violent toward one another.

Sura 101, “al-Qari’ah” (The Day of Noise and Clamor)

Sura 102, “al-Takathur” (The Piling Up)

Those whose balance scales weigh heavier on the side of their good deeds may enter the Gardens of Paradise. Those whose scales weigh heavier on the side of their evil deeds will enter the pit of Hell (101.6-9). Although the good deeds are supposed to be piled up, Muslims should not get into rivalries with each other to outdo each other (102.1; cf. Romans 12:10).

Sura 104, “al-Humaza” (The Scandal-monger)

The Scandal-monger is one who piles up wealth for himself but refuses to share with his neighbor who has a need. This is a very similar picture to what Charles Dickens puts together for Ebenezer Scrooge in the various visions given through the visiting ghosts in A Christmas Carol.

Sura 105, “al-Fil” (The Elephant)

The Companions of the Elephant were destroyed by birds and stones that rained down from Heaven. These Companions relate back to the army of Abraha who invaded Mecca with the help of an elephant in 570 AD, the year Mohamed was born. That year has been considered in Arabia and Muslim writings as “The Year of the Elephant.”

Sura 106, “Quraish” (The Tribe of Quraish)

The Tribe of the Quraish are the Egyptians. Mohamed declares that the Egyptians will embrace Islam and therefore worship at the Great Mosque in Mecca.

Sura 107, “al-Ma’un” (The Neighborly Needs)

Those who deny the existence of Judgment Day are also those who will deny their need to take care of their neighbors.

Sura 108, “al-Kauthar” (The Abundance)

To those who believe in Allah, he grants access to the fountain of abundance. This is very similar to Jesus’ statements about living water (John 4:10; 7:38; Revelation 7:17) and the picture of the River of Life (Genesis 2:10-14; Ezekiel 47:1-12; Revelation 22:1-5).

Sura 109, “al-Kafirun” (Those Who Reject Faith)

Muslims are taught to never worship with those who reject Allah. There can be no legitimate syncretistic and ecumenical worship services between Muslims and any other faith.

Sura 110, “an-Nasr” (The Help)

Those who receive God’s help and victory will enter the Gardens of Paradise.

Sura 111, “al-Lahab” (The Father of Flame)

Those who are Companions of the Fire will be consumed by the fires of Hell. Their family members may be the instruments of their destruction.

Sura 112, “al-Ikhlas” (The Purity of Faith)

This Sura is an extension of the Islamic creed, explaining what it means to believe in Allah and in Mohamed his Prophet.

Sura 113, “al-Falaq” (The Dawn)

Sura 114, “an-Nas” (Mankind)

Man should seek refuge in Allah’s light instead of sin’s darkness nor in anything else in all creation.

From → Qur'an

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